If you horse has been showing difficulty walking or resistance to moving, it’s time to worry. One of the most common locomotor diseases in equines is laminitis, an inflammation of the hoof blades, structures that connect the horn case to the third phalanx.
Understand mor about the condition, learn about the main clinical signs and see how to identify it.
Laminitis is a very common locomotor disease in adult horses. This disease is characterized by an inflammation of the hoof blades, structures that connect the horn case to the third phalanx, causing a lot of pain to the affected horses.
The first sign a horse gives when it has laminitis is a reluctance to move. Due to the extreme pain in the sole in the region of the toe, the tendency is to lean on the heels.
So, when the hooves of the forelimbs are affected, it’s common for him to shift the weight to the hind limbs. In cases where all four legs are affected, it is to be expected that he remains lying in a lateral position
In addition, another characteristic of the disease is the high temperature of the hooves due to the inflammatory condition. Other signs that will also be present, but may go unnoticed, are:
It’s very important that, when any of these signs are observed, as simple as if may seem, the condition is seen as an emergency and the animal owner seeks a veterinarian immediately to investigate the causes and start treatment.
The cause of laminitis in horses are varied and still poorly understood, to be honest. The most common and accepted are:
In addition to these factors, which are mostly external, laminitis can also be developed due to metabolic disorders, which, in general, compromise blood circulation. Examples of factors that can trigger cases like this are:
The success of treatment depends on the speed in establishing and eliminating the cause of the disease. It’s essential that the animal’s pain is controlled and that the blood circulation of the hoof returns to normal as soon as possible.
It is the role of the veterinarian establish a prognosis and propose necessary corrections to prevent cases like this from happening again.
Contribution: Veterinarian Mário Duarte (@marioduarte.vet)